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Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941

Act that shocked the world and demoralized leftists everywhere Stalin's pact with Hitler in 1939 the carve up of Poland and Stalin's utter inability to see Hitler's build up to the invasion of the USSR Yet for all that in just 12 years of total power Stalin has taken this country from a peasant economy to a formidable modern war machine that rivaled anything else in the world When the invasion came Stalin wasn't ready but his country would prove to be prepared That is a dimension of the Stalin story that has never adeuately been reckoned with before and it looms large here Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941 is like its predecessor nothing less than a history of the world from Stalin's desk It is also like its predecessor a landmark achievement in the annals of its field and in the biographer's a. STALIN PART 2Holy frick you guys Are y all into details Because whoa shoot is this the book for you It is relentless in its detail Meetings and dudes and other meetings that happen simultaneously with different dudes Everybody s name is Fuckanovich or Zukaplansky So if you re into tedium seek your Mecca in these pages Overall though it was a pretty interesting bog to wade through A lot of crazy stuff went down on this guy s watch But its Talmudic breadth made it hard for me to encapsulate the whole thing Also I didn t take my usual notes as I went along So what I m shitting out here remains partially to completely undigestedStalin was kind of a hanger on during the Russian revolution He didn t invent communism The whole kill the Tsar and his family thing wasn t his idea He didn t come up with the ultimate plan for a government to fill the void left by all the dead autocrats He was just a guy who had a combination of right place right time luck and ambition to worm his into inner circles of power Dude liked power He got himself into the position of becoming the next head guy after Lenin even though when Lenin died there was supposedly a memo from him that said don t put Stalin in charge Still he persisted The beginning 600 pages or so are about his ascent to power which involved a bunch of cabinet shuffling and treachery Dudes that were big shit during the revolution become threats to him so he s keeping a close eye on them and figuring out ways to declare them enemies of the revolution Distrust is the disease of the tyrant this bookAt the same time the Soviet Union is becoming a thing See first it was just a Russian revolution to a commie way of life But it spread to Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan and all those fun places So old Joe and his buds wrangle them into the budding USSR This is big shit It feels like the potential for a worldwide commie revolution could become an actual thing Hopes are highUkraine has always been sorta nebulous It s borders aren t super firm there s a bunch of Russians that live there etc I ve already read and reviewed a bunch of books about this shit but essentially it s Russia s breadbasket and even though a lot of Ukrainians want to do their own thing Russia can t let it happen if it wants to be the king shit of commie mountain So there s forced collectivization of the farms there and everybody starves The commies also purge the place of successful farmers in the process of dekulakization Kulaks They re any farmer that s not the absolute bottom rung They get killed or sent to the Gulag to die So everybody who s good at growing food in the food growing place is no longer around Cue starving The commies blame it on anybody and everybody that isn t super into communism or at least their specific brand thereof This is thing they likeneed to do all the time The commies can t be fallible because otherwise people would lost interest in being permanently the working poor No can doI ADDED THIS LATER DURING A SECOND PASS Stalin and his boys try to shape the creative output of the state Making sure that the novels and poems coming out of a super literary civilization reflect the values of the party and commie preferences Remembered this and thought it was interesting AnywayStalin sees the USSR through a period of super industrialization This means initiating a lot of nonsense projects like building canals that aren t needed They build one to the white sea no one uses and one that drains the Aral Sea and turns that area into yet another Soviet shitpit And factories And mining There was this guy who worked super hard in a coal mine and mined WAY than his uota This made him a hero and everyone was encouraged to follow his lead People who did were called Stakhanovites and the drive to out produce everyone actually ended up making things less efficient so that the next shift that came on after them would get accused of wrecking and thrown in the Gulag or something eually bummer y Side note I m not a fan of commie shit but I m sure they must have some spin on US history that makes it seem just as atarded Better press onAnother brief aside Stalin s buddy Yezhov likes to hang out with his drinking buddies and have farting contests I underlined this In penPressing on So the Caucasus is a pain in the ass Stalin s old stomping ground of Georgia is shifty and then there s Islams and tribal shit and it s well it s just a perpetual pain in the nitz Still is Japan is still a worry so the commies have to wring hands about that There s some tit fer tat warring and saber rattling yeah I glazed over during this shit So Please to forgive my friend They try to get Mongolia on board but Mongolia s not having it Meanwhile China starts having its own thing They haven t become the commie nightmare they d become in the 50s It s still like 1930 something But there s some shit going on Japan is trying to move in Ching Chang Shek isn t a commie but he s fighting for something so he s better than the other guys It seems hard for the USSR to pick side in China at this time Spain has a civil war and it s a threat to the global communist takeover because Franco is a nationalist the opposite of a commie and he s trying to muscle his way to the top of Spanish bossiness For real though Franco is a fuck Here s a fun uote from the tome To induce Republic held territory to surrender Nationalist troops engaged in gang rapes of women marching with panties flying from their bayonets Some women had their hair shaved off and their mouths force fed castor oil a laxative so that when paraded through the streets they would soil themselves Fun fact Kotkin is a master of the commaSwivel attention over to Germany Hitler is coming up He s a vegetarian and a teetotaler and prone to fits of farting This part of my copy of the book is SUPER highlighted Hitler is open to having his minions do his bidding or less independently But Stalin s guys won t do anything he doesn t tell them to do specifically Most likely because he ll accuse them of something and have them killed or sent to the danged Gulag So there s some comparison y pages and it s probably pretty profound Swivel back to commie land Trotsky That shit He was charismatic to people and had some original ideas Therefore he s a threat Stalin gets a Spaniard commie in Mexico to punch a hole in dude s head with an ice axe Like a legit hole Trotsky was Snowball in Animal Farm AwwwSo now things in Europe are looking warlike Hitler has an agenda and he s a power junkie too He s grabbing up all these bits of Europe and everybody is just kind of sitting tight not wanting to engage In the USSR military training was low because most soldiers had to also work on collective farms and or on the big industrial projects Also Stalin exiled imprisoned or killed any good military guys because they also could have been a threat Stalin decides to take Finland and create some up north buffer zone But the Finns are fucking badasses and shoot his shitty troops to shit from trees and snow piles There was one old boy named Simo nicknamed The White Death who racked up at least 505 dead Russkies So there s that By this point in the book I am gettin super sick of Stalin stories Though that one about the killer Finn was pretty tightI can t remember the context but the author brings up the fact that Churchill floated the idea of gassing people at one point Rebels in India or Ira Kotkin was just sort of just sayin this I think So we the readers in the west don t start getting all high and mighty reading about these central and eastern European scumbags Another fun factWar is heating up but so far the USSR is in a treaty ish sitch with Germany Germany is saying the UK is its only enemy Fucking Rudolf Hess parachuted on his own into Scotland with a bunch of pills and no ID Evidently tries to convince some British uppity that the krauts mean business It sounds bonkers but is evidently history Then the book winds down and tries to sum up the state that Stalin and the USSR are in One ever present notion I found interesting was that Stalin was alway finding enemies Anyone could be someone against him An enemy of the revolution a white a kulak a wrecker He thought his doctors were out to get him The Jews were scapegoats Along with Trotskyites people with foreign relatives smart people clever people whoever Doesn t matter An infallible personregime needs an enemy at all time to explain its imperfections mass starvation technological backwardness general miasma and so on Also it s clear that whatever Stalin didn t want to believe he regarded as MISINFORMATION Crop reports science reality anything If it didn t fit his view it was for lack of a better phrase fake news Yeah Nothing is new under the danged sun I guessHe was a fascinating and influential piece of demonic shit with a human veneer with probably the core of a frightened inadeuate feeling outsider boy Fuck why do these shitheads always seem to take the reins Anyway this book was a push I am definitely informed about Stalin s middle years than I was A YEAR AGO but heck Dunno if I m gonna be picking this one up again anytime before the inevitable heat death of the universe but I made it And I leave you with three bits I typed verbatim from the end of this beast Enjoy Or don t Hopefully Ken Burns will just make this a doc you can stream at the gym Stalin personified the soviet mindset Emotionally galvanized people He was a student of historical forces and enabled people who came from nothing to feel world historically significant And Stalin s regime was not merely a statist modernization but a purported transcendence of private property and markets Of class antagonisms and existential alienation A renewal of the social whole rent by the bourgeoisie A uest for social justice on a global scale In worldview and practice it was a conspiracy that perceived conspiracy everywhere and in everything gaslighting itself In administration it constituted a crusade for planning and control that generated a proliferation of improvised illegalities A drive for order and a system in which propaganda and myths about the system were the most systemized part Amid the cultivated opacities and patent falsehoods even most high officials were reduced to Kremlinology The fanatical hyper centralization was often self defeating as well But the cult of the parties and especially Stalin s infallibility proved to be the most dangerous flaw of his fallible rule And as a bonusStalin became haunted not by the peasants horrors under collectivization but by the party criticism of him regarding those horrors which would become the dark spur of his mass murders in the wanton terror made possible by bolshevism but driven by him The pandemonium of widespread accusations of treason that he fomented reflected not reality or even potential threats but his own demonsPeace out Gonna read some Danielle Steel now Mitz

Free read Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941

Ssion throwing global capital into crisis the Soviet Union's New Man looked like nothing so much as the man of the future As the shadows of the 30's deepen Stalin's drive to militarize Soviet society takes on increasing urgency and the ambition of Nazi Germany becomes the predominant geopolitical reality he faces when Hitler claims that communism is a global Judeo Bolshevik conspiracy to bring the Slavic race to power But just because they're out to get you doesn't mean you're not paranoid Stalin's paranoia is increasingly one of the most horrible facts of life for his entire country Stalin's obsessions drive him to violently purge almost a million people including military leadership diplomatic corps and intelligence apparatus to say nothing of a generation of artistic talent And then came the p. I doubt that anybody will write a better or comprehensive biography of the despot as Kotkin calls the Soviet dictator at least for many years to come The book will interest specialists and history enthusiasts alike It is the product of meticulous and exhaustive research and attempts to resolve several of the historical mysteries surrounding Stalin s reign Of the two Stalin is by far important to world history than Lenin and he also led a interesting life Say what you will but stories about ard car robbers are always interesting than those about losers cheats and cowards on the lamThis is the second volume of Kotkin s planned three volume biography of Stalin see Stalin Volume I Paradoxes of Power 1878 1928 covering his ascension to supreme Russian leader through the eve of Germany s invasion in June 1941 This period includes collectivization the Terror and the Pact of SteelCollectivization of agriculture was the event that precipitated the other two Lenin made the first unsuccessful attempt at collectivization Stalin succeeded in making it a reality The purpose of course was to drain resources from rural agriculture and divert them to urban industry The resulting famines were horrible made worse by the wholesale murder of recalcitrant peasants as well as local communist officials who were unable to meet Stalin s demands Party officials and others openly criticized Stalin for the brutality of collectivization and it was those critics who were systematically tortured imprisoned and executed during the TerrorStalin never knew a peasant or anything else about rural agriculture He viewed the mega deaths as statistics not human tragedy and he rejected Party criticisms of the famines as ignorant at best and sabotage at worst The Terror 1936 38 on the other hand was personal as it engulfed Stalin s friends indeed many of his closest associates as well masses of ordinary Soviet citizens Indeed the Terror was aimed at eliminating Party cadres in all levels of government military secret police apparatchiks and nomenklatura as much if not than ordinary citizens Stalin replaced them with young ideologically committed and inexperienced individuals who were solely obedient to the despot with names like Khrushchev Brezhnev Kosygin and Beria In constructing the Soviet Man Stalin apparently felt the need to eliminate a whole generation of older Bolsheviks who didn t necessarily revere or fear the despot The military was especially devastated in the years immediately preceding World War IIThe Pact of Steel with Germany 1939 shocked communists and fascists alike Both Hitler and Stalin viewed the agreement as a temporary expedient at best with the additional benefit of keeping Great Britain guessing about the dictators end game Hitler thought the agreement might force Britain to come to terms while Stalin saw it as a means to preclude an Anglo German alliance aimed against the USSR Stalin also hoped the Germans would use their considerable influence in Tokyo to prevent an attack by Japan on Russia s eastern territories In the meantime both the Nazis and communists derived huge benefits from the deal food and fuel for Germany advanced technology for RussiaIn the months before Operation BARBAROSSA German and British disinformation combined with Stalin s own paranoia overloaded the NKVDNKGB now depleted of its most experienced operators during the Terror making informed decision making nearly impossible Stalin and everybody else saw the German military build up on Russia s western borders and the Soviets responded as best they could Stalin ultimately saw the aggression as an effort by the Nazis to force economic and political concessions from Moscow not as a prelude to an actual invasion which would be madness Germany again fighting a two front war Stalin welcomed new German demands as providing an opportunity for stalling gaining an additional year for military preparations Stalin was wrong about HitlerStalin was a sociopath utterly ruthless and a conspiratorial paranoid traits that helped make the Soviet Union a global superpower after World War II

review · PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ò Stephen Kotkin

Pulitzer Prize finalist Stephen Kotkin continues his definitive biography of Stalin from collectivization and the Great Terror through to the coming of the conflict with Hitler's Germany that is the signal event of modern world historyWhen we left Stalin at the end of Stalin Paradoxes of Power 1878 1928 it was 1928 and he had finally climbed the mountaintop and achieved dictatorial power of the Soviet empire The vastest peasant economy in the world would be transformed into socialist modernity whatever it took What it took or what Stalin believed it took was the most relentless campaign of shock industrialization the world has ever seen This is the story of the five year plans the new factory towns and the integration of an entire system of penal labor into the larger economy With the Great Depre. This is a difficult book to review One can only admire Kotkin s very close attention to archival material extensive reading of the second hand sources his no BS nonsentimental approach to his study material Waiting for Hitler at times reads like day to day accountor logbook of what Stalin did between 1928 and 1941 And for the most part this is the main strength of the bookKotkin rejects two prevalent views on Stalin phenomenon One is Stalin was a psychopath sadistic and paranoiac killer who enjoyed killing and torturing people Kotkin convincingly shows that far from being mentally unstable individual Stalin was uiet an ordinary figure in his daily life He was seen by others who knew him personally perhaps little too cynical manipulative and at times coarse But he was often kind to people around him good listener and had a good sense of humor His policies for good and bad are not derived from his mental disorder but from his convictions and his interpretation of Marxism and Leninism He did not conduct collectivizations and show trials out of his impulses he was planning them in his mind for yearsThe other argument Kotkin rejects is that the one that put forward by the leftist historians such as EH Carr and Hobsbawn that Stalin s policies like forced collectivizations grain procurement and even show trials were despite their unnecessary and criminal extremities basically necessary to transform rural Russia to industrial world power and defeat Nazism Kotkin however argues that these policies and the ways in which they were conducted simply did not work Collectivization and extreme grain procurements not only starve the entire country and killed at least 3 million people in Ukraine North Caucasus and Kazakhstan but also hamper Soviet agricultural production The Union was producing and selling less grain after collectivization I have some criticism about the way he argues this check the ending paragraph The situation improved only after mechanization was properly introduced and Stalin gave concessions to peasants to keep their lot and animals Even if some sort of collectivization was necessary the way that Stalin conducted it was criminally negligent and counter productive Kotkin rejects the view that it was an intentional genocide In addition again with a convincing archival backing Kotkin demonstrates that Stalin and his growing number of apparatchiks enjoyed luxury cars big apartments country retreats festy dinners while unintentionally starving peasants because of his pure ignorance and incompetence Kotkin does not explicitly try to convince the reader for his claim he just lays what Stalin didsaid and what was going on in the countryside meanwhile All factual hard to refuteSimilar to collectivization show trials were not necessary As of 1936 Stalin s power was not in danger Old Bolsheviks like Kamenev Zinoviev and Bukharin were already out of the Central Committee and accepted their fate There was not any organised resistance to the party not a real plot to overthrow Stalin Yet Stalin decided to conduct Robespierresue terror not only against suspected enemies old Tsarist officials bourgeois remnants of the small merchant class the big bourgeois had already fled decades ago but also to the party Old Bolsheviks civil war heroes military commanders the type that were shouting long live the party when their back was on the wall Between 1936 and 1939 according to NVKD reports over 600000 people Kotkin estimates the real number is around 800000 were shot and 2 million were arrested The purge paralyzed Soviet white collar managerial class and conseuentially left the army in disarray The country paid the price dearly in the first years of the war Yet the terror completely eliminate any future risk of the will in the Central committee to commit what Lenin allegedly wrote in his testament Remove Stalin This was a self serving mass murder not a necessity In addition one of the main aim of the book is to reveal Stalin s daily actions and policy decisions within its internationaldiplomatic context That is why he gives good amount of attention to international diplomacy of the 1930s or Stalin s dealings with raising fascismNazism in the West and Japanese aggression in the East If you are interested in the history of Soviet diplomacy in the 1930s this book is a gem for youLike any other book of this scale Waiting for Hitler have some problems First Kotkin s almost obsessive degree of microscopic focus of Stalin s day to day life and his archive fetishism makes the book hard to follow sometimes at crucial points For instance few paragraphs after his argument that collectivization not being beneficial to state Kotkin in a way praises Stalin for achieving industrialization producing tanks locomotives planes tractors etc without answering how was he able to achieve that He seemingly decided to give much weight on the diplomatic side of the Stalin s 1930s rather than economics but without the latter especially the chapter on the collectivization and famine is rather weak Overall it is a goodread if you really care about the topic and have little bit of knowledge about the literature But if you are a casual reader go to a book store read a chapter and only then decide if you want to buy the book

About the Author: Stephen Kotkin

Stephen Mark Kotkin is Professor of History and director of the Program in Russian Studies at Princeton University He specializes in the history of the Soviet Union and has recently begun to research Eurasia generally

10 thoughts on “Stalin Waiting for Hitler 1929 1941

  1. says:

    “Iosif Stalin was a human being He collected watches He played skittles and billiards He loved gardening and Russian steam baths He owned suits and ties but never wore themHe wore a semi military tunic of either gray or khaki color buttoned at the top along with baggy khaki trousers that he tucked into his tall leather boots He did not use a briefcase but he sometimes carried documents inside folders or wra

  2. says:

    This is a difficult book to review One can only admire Kotkin's very close attention to archival material extensive reading of the second hand

  3. says:

    This was even better than Volume I if that is even possible Volume II gets into the meat of the dictatorship leading up to World War II The primary focus is the infamous purge when Stalin killed just about everybody The only rational reason for his unbelievable cruelty and sheer disregard for human life because he could There was really no rhyme or reason for completely decimating the entire “cabinet” and the military The best estimat

  4. says:

    I just finished that damn thingWholly mother of god this book was L O N GIt was LONGER than volume I which was itself extremely extremely very v

  5. says:

    I doubt that anybody will write a better or comprehensive biography of the despot as Kotkin calls the Soviet dictator at least for many years to come The book will interest specialists and history enthusiasts alike It is the product of meticulous and exhaustive research and attempts to resolve several of the historical mysteries surrounding Stalin's reign Of the two Stalin is by far important to world history than Lenin and he also led a in

  6. says:

    Stephen Kotkin is a historian who has written several outstanding books on Russian history and is now in the process of distilling his lifetime work into a monumental three part biography of Stalin Volume 1 dealt with Stalin’s early life and his progress from relatively peripheral disciple of Lenin in 1917 to Lenin’s handpicked general secretary of communist party in 1922 to undisputed though not yet com

  7. says:

    Hard going but worth it Kotkin's attention to detail provides many revelations

  8. says:

    Huge and time consuming but makes you understand the big picture much better

  9. says:

    STALIN PART 2Holy frick you guys Are y’all into details? Because whoa shoot is this the book for you It is relentless in its detail Meetings and dudes and other meetings that happen simultaneously with different dudes Everybody’s name is Fuckanovich or Zukaplansky So if you’re into tedium seek your Mecca in these pages Overal

  10. says:

    Kotkin’s biography of Stalin is finally doing justice to one of the most extraordinary despots in history Although heavily biographed I know the word doesn’t exist but it should since his own days only today

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