Free [ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies PDF ] author Robert M. Citino


  • Hardcover
  • 428
  • The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies
  • Robert M. Citino
  • English
  • 23 July 2018
  • 9780700614103

10 thoughts on “The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies

  1. says:

    Robert Citino is one of the leading historians of the German Army in the period 1919 1945 although he has extended his scope to the study of 'Blitzkrieg' and armoured warfare generally His works are always meticulously researched drawing heavily on primary sources and provide significant insights I was therefore very interested to

  2. says:

    Robert Citino's book is a very good compendium of the art of making war according to the Prussian Germans from the 17th century to the 20th The common thread that links all the wars of the Prussian and later German

  3. says:

    At first I'm sorry to say that I don't like North American authors when they speak about European History Lots of them do a very shallow job to understand our way of thinking our cultures even our languages Some of them may be too nationalist in their essays when they speak about a nation with not even 250 years of histor

  4. says:

    Prussian German war machine has always fascinated historians and military buffs alike They were either sweeping the battlefield and winning German wars of unification or putting up so much of a fight that it took a coalition

  5. says:

    Kurz und vives short and lively If one had to pick a catchphrase to describe the typical fashion in which German armies te

  6. says:

    To some degree your mileage with this book may vary depending on how much you buy into the ways of war school of thought that argues that various nations have identifiable ways of war on the operational level that can be analyzed and comparedEven if you disagree with that premise Citino's work has much to offer Essentially he argues that German and before that Prussian wars have always attempted to be short and lively

  7. says:

    Citino presents the history of the Prussian Army small surrounded and feudal Geography left Prussia with fewer resources than it's powerful neighbors and meant that if it was to survive as a nation it needed to be aggressive and fight short wars It couldn't survive wars of attrition WWI was just one of the wars thru Prussia's history that reinforced this military doctrineWhy I started this book Inter library l

  8. says:

    A fantastic sweeping overview of the PrussianGerman war history of the last 400 years Insightful relating the Prussian hist

  9. says:

    A little too selective in its choice of battles and ridiculously blinkered in its definition of German

  10. says:

    I'm hit or miss with this particular historian Up front there are parts of this book that unless you are REALLY into pre 20th Century military history you're skimming Most of the utility here in my opinion is in the big picture strategic thought recorded by men like Clausewitz Moltke and Schlieffen The rest of the really good stuff

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Robert M. Citino ☆ 0 SUMMARY

The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies

For Frederick the Great the prescription for warfare was simple kurz und vives short and lively wars that relied upon swift powerful and decisive military operations Robert Citino takes us on a dramatic march through Prussian and German military history to show how that primal theme played out. Robert Citino is one of the leading historians of the German Army in the period 1919 1945 although he has extended his scope to the study of Blitzkrieg and armoured warfare generally His works are always meticulously researched drawing heavily on primary sources and provide significant insights I was therefore very interested to see this work where he has taken a much longer time period from the 1650s to the 1940s in an attempt to capture the essence of the German way of war The book was of especial interest to me given that I must confess my knowledge of the Napoleonic wars is only passing and of the wars before that sketchy at bestCitino starts by noting that the Germans themselves emphatically denied that they had any kind of scheme that enabled them to win wars There was no magic idea or concept He therefore explores the actual approach and experience of the Prussian German Army from the period of Frederick William the Great Elector through Frederick the Great to the time of Scharnhorst and Bluecher through to Moltke Schlieffen and then Seeckt and the WehrmachtWhat comes out to Citino is a simple but powerful picture Prussia and then the united Germany had no natural borders behind which it could shelter Nor did it have the geographic or economic depth that would enable it to withstand a long drawn out conflict Success not to say survival depended on wars being lively and short That meant that the army had to move fast both when moving from one part of the theatre of operations to another and in the context of battle Minor victories were insufficient the enemy needed to be defeated uickly and completely That reuired attacks to be made against the flanks and rear of the enemy and for those attacks to be multiplied in their impact through the factors of surprise and energyCitino underlines that these necessities reuired commanders to act uickly and decisively making their own rapid assessment of the situation and leading their troops with exceptional aggression always marching to the sound of the guns and attacking at every opportunity This would throw the enemy off balance and convince them that the battle was lost He notes that Prussian German commanders repeatedly ignored the overall plan set out by the commander in chief in favour of the offensive opportunities that opened up in front of them often threatening the success of that overall plan yet still securing victory through the overwhelming impact on the enemy And rather than be disciplined for this such commanders were repeatedly promotedCitino notes some key factors First this independence of command reflected the traditional relationship between the Junkers and the king and so might be considered sui generis rather than generally applicable or transferable That would help explain the major debate within the German Army during the 1880s and 1890s over whether commanders below battalion level should be accorded the same freedoms the fact that they ultimately were and indeed this was further extended to NCOs may suggest that Citino was too cautious over the potential for Auftragstaktik to travel beyond its original cultural contextCitino ends the book with what he considers the death of the traditional style of command with the assumption of control of the army by Hitler and the switch to detailed control by both the Fuehrer and senior commanders in December 1941 While part of this clearly stemmed from Hitler s personal approach to command Citino argues that it should not be forgotten that much of the actual change was implemented by senior generals within the army itself arguing that part of this may have been a result of a mismatch between the freedom reuired for the traditional independence of command and the complexity of battle in a context of coordinated artillery and air support This would suggest that Auftragstaktik to use a shorthand would be unlikely to be valid in the context of modern armoured warfare I have to say that I am not convinced The factors of fire support were of huge importance by the end of the First World War yet in many respects the scope for independent command by junior leaders reached a level never before experienced While not my own area of expertise I believe there were numerous examples during the 2003 Ira War where US commanders operated with significant independence in order to secure critical though unexpected victoriesThese issues notwithstanding this must rate as one of the most important books on the German way of warfare to have been published in recent years I know I will come back to it freuently in order to test and inspire my own writing

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Time and time again Citino focuses on operational warfare to demonstrate continuity in German military campaigns from the time of Elector Frederick Wilhelm and his great sleigh drive against the Swedes to the age of Adolf Hitler and the blitzkrieg to the gates of Moscow Along the way he undersc. To some degree your mileage with this book may vary depending on how much you buy into the ways of war school of thought that argues that various nations have identifiable ways of war on the operational level that can be analyzed and comparedEven if you disagree with that premise Citino s work has much to offer Essentially he argues that German and before that Prussian wars have always attempted to be short and lively in other words the PrussianGerman military likes aggression they strive to attack first and attack fast with a system of war based on movement Bewegungskrieg in which envelopment is the goal Citino picks examples from Frederick the Great through World War II that all fit this mold He s arguing that what the rest of the world called Blitzkrieg a word the German army did not use was in fact part of the Prussian military DNA as early as the 18th century Along the way Citino dispells many myths the idea that blizkrieg was some new thing being the main one Also he challenges the idea that German operations are based on having a supreme commander issue an overall goal and have subcommanders achieve that goal through independence Auftragstaktick Instead he shows that subcommanders were trained to be as aggressive as possible often in spite of orders and often to their own detriment Not to go into an in depth review of all of the book but a few moments stick out to me as especially valuable Citino s discussion of both Clausewitz and Schlieffen are particularly useful for putting both men in context pointing out the many misconceptions about each and navigating the vast historiography of both That is something Citino does with aplomb throughout all of his works especially this one helping the reader navigate the literature on these topics pointing out common themes and arguments His notes section is massive and incredibly valuable I would say most of Citino s works are worth having on the shelf just for his citations aloneReaders should be aware that this book is almost exclusively about the operational art Politics social aspects etc are mentioned usually in passing That is not meant as a criticism just of a warning about what this book is and isn t For anyone interested not only in German military history but operational military history in general this is a must read and should spur a lot of thought and discussion whether you agree with him or not

READ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies

Ores the role played by the Prussian army in elevating a small vulnerable state to the ranks of the European powers describes how nineteenth century victories over Austria and France made the German army the most respected in Europe and reviews the lessons learned from the trenches of World War. A little too selective in its choice of battles and ridiculously blinkered in its definition of German


About the Author: Robert M. Citino

Robert M Citino is an American history professor scholar and writer currently teaching at the University of North Texas He specializes in German military history and has earned acclaim by writing several historical books on the subject He has appeared as a consultant on the History Channel several times on the subject of World War II and German military tactics