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The Math of Life and Death 7 Mathematical Principles That Shape Our Lives

Ver DNA testing medical screening results and historical events such as the Chernobyl disaster and the Amanda Knox trial Readers will finish this book with an enlightened perspective on the news the law medicine and history and will be better euipped to make personal decisions and solve problems with math in mind whether it’s choosing the shortest checkout line at the grocery store or halting the spread of a deadly disea I have been a lifelong reader I love learning and this book was right in my lane enjoyed the new exposures

characters ´ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ↠ Kit Yates

From birthdays to birth rates to how we perceive the passing of time mathematical patterns shape our lives But for those of us who left math behind in high school the numbers and figures hurled at us as we go about our days can sometimes leave us scratching our heads and feeling as if we’re fumbling through a mathematical minefield In this eye opening and extraordinarily accessible book mathemati­cian Kit Yates illumina My problem with books on mathematics is never remembering the formulas even from one chapter to the next OK and being bored with them is a factor too Kit Yates solved these problems by not using any formulas or even much math in his delightful when not frightening The Math of Life and Death His secret is really simple he tells stories The result is always engaging often infuriating and sometimes horrifying We defy the math at our perilUsing examples from the news such as epidemics or murder investigations Yates shows what underlies the events the basic numbers that anyone can see do or do not add upThe whole strength of The Math of Life and Death is the power of true events Yates recognizes their value and provides the background facts that fit with numbers that prove a point In the hot new service of gene seuencing he shows clearly how our assumption about identifying people by DNA samples can go wrong badly enough to incarcerate the wrong person In his own case 23andMe gave him a death sentence through a wrong interpretation of his genes He proved it to his great relief with other such services and went back to show just how the numbers can lead analysis astray Sloppy math is hard to prove but can ruin livesHe shows that something as unmathematical as algae needs an understanding of math An algal bloom doubles in size every day until it covers a lake in 30 days If you see the lake is half covered how long do you think it will take for it to be covered completely Most would calculate numerous days based on when the algae first appeared and had reached the halfway point but the correct answer is one day Mistakes like this lead planes to crash which Yates also shows in painful detailDoctors are forever misinterpreting test results giving patients false death sentences or false reassurances Yates gives the example of breast cancer tests by which doctors seem to predict nine out of every two cases of breast cancer in women The numbers are pretty stark With false positives from tests 981 women out of a random 10000 will be told that they have breast cancer But of those only 90 will actually have it Ninety out of ten thousand ie nine per thousand is not the pandemic plague that should cause panicked fear in women but that s how doctors present it when they are surveyed Given multiple choice uestions doctors fare far worse than if they had chosen random answers They are prejudiced in the false direction They have the facts and the numbers wrong The result is needless surgery needless chemotherapy and much pointless sufferingThere is a horrifying chapter on legal ignorance as well So called expert witnesses bamboozle judges juries and opposing lawyers with mumbo jumbo that no one challenges because they don t understand what was said They just pick out a major conclusion from what they heard and accept it as true and significant The result is wrongful convictions In the major case cited a young mother went to prison for murdering her first two children because an expert incorrectly claimed the chances of two children from the same family dying from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS was one in 73 million He made up the number himself That s all the jury needed to know It didn t matter that the expert was wrong about the odds or even that the children didn t really die of SIDS The number was so overwhelming the decision was easy to make she had to be guilty as charged In upholding the conviction the appeals court said no one would be fooled by such a wild claimThis is the same principle that guides media claims and why so few trust the media any Shopping for statistics and angles reporters hone in on some startling number and taking it out of context draw conclusions that it doesn t merit or maybe worse just leaving it there to fester in the imagination of people with no other facts to weigh Absent those facts the population divides into believers and non believers ever extreme in their positions It is no wonder that a Boris Johnson can lie about the massive amounts of cash sent to the European Union and even when the lie is pointed out it continues to be the foundation for leaving the union The result has been utter chaos in a farcical government So while it s critical to have the numbers behind the claims few do Worse fewer can master them and a select group will manipulate them to their own advantageYates also tackles algorithms epidemics and antivaxxers The antivaxxers rely on a single tiny invalid and misinterpreted study by a since defrocked doctor where he claimed to show that vaccinations cause autism They don t as Yates relates clearly and concisely Nonetheless the news traveled from Britain the USA where it has become gospel to millions who have no need of the facts They accept the headline as all they need to know The result is a resurgence of diseases long thought banished with thousands suffering needlessly Perversely parents even mail licked lollipops to each other so children can be infected They believe the false headline and are ignorant of the death and disfiguration rates from these so called rites of passage diseases It is craziness suared because the numbers were cooked and won out over the factsThe Math of Life and Death is an endlessly diverting pleasing engaging and horrifying look at how lives are affected by the math It is math in very human terms and Yates excels at making it plain And you don t even have to do the math to see itDavid Wineberg The Test in high school the numbers and figures hurled at us as we go about our days can sometimes leave us scratching our heads and feeling as Reality is Plastic if we’re fumbling through a mathematical minefield In this eye opening and extraordinarily accessible book mathemati­cian Kit Yates L'agenda du professeur des écoles 2019-2020 - Le 1er agenda pour professeur des écoles illumina My problem with books on mathematics Hard Edge (Stone Creek University Book 1) is never remembering the formulas even from one chapter to the next OK and being bored with them Very Wicked Beginnings (Briarcrest Academy, is a factor too Kit Yates solved these problems by not using any formulas or even much math The Dwarfs of Arthurian Romance and Celtic tradition in his delightful when not frightening The Math of Life and Death His secret Descent of Man is really simple he tells stories The result Stolen (Altered Destinies, is always engaging often A veces cupido tiene mala puntería (Spanish Edition) infuriating and sometimes horrifying We defy the math at our perilUsing examples from the news such as epidemics or murder Oro veneciano (Misterios venecianos nº 2) investigations Yates shows what underlies the events the basic numbers that anyone can see do or do not add upThe whole strength of The Math of Life and Death The Garden is the power of true events Yates recognizes their value and provides the background facts that fit with numbers that prove a point In the hot new service of gene seuencing he shows clearly how our assumption about El Club Limonada identifying people by DNA samples can go wrong badly enough to Coming to Dust (True History of Faction Paradox, Magic Bullet incarcerate the wrong person In his own case 23andMe gave him a death sentence through a wrong Battlestar Galactica Role Playing Game interpretation of his genes He proved STOLEN BY AN ALIEN: An Alien Mate Romance it to his great relief with other such services and went back to show just how the numbers can lead analysis astray Sloppy math El Angel y el Brujo is hard to prove but can ruin livesHe shows that something as unmathematical as algae needs an understanding of math An algal bloom doubles Fathomless in size every day until Die Wawuschels mit den grünen Haaren it covers a lake Texas Glory (Leigh Brothers Texas Trilogy, in 30 days If you see the lake Hollands Glorie is half covered how long do you think Huntress it will take for The Black Unicorn: Poems (Norton Paperback) it to be covered completely Most would calculate numerous days based on when the algae first appeared and had reached the halfway point but the correct answer Sharing Economy is one day Mistakes like this lead planes to crash which Yates also shows Saphisme Et Dčadence Dans Paris Fin De Sic̈le in painful detailDoctors are forever misinterpreting test results giving patients false death sentences or false reassurances Yates gives the example of breast cancer tests by which doctors seem to predict nine out of every two cases of breast cancer Направи мъжа си милионер in women The numbers are pretty stark With false positives from tests 981 women out of a random 10000 will be told that they have breast cancer But of those only 90 will actually have The Dead Student it Ninety out of ten thousand Burn (Elementally Evolved, ie nine per thousand The Token Wife is not the pandemic plague that should cause panicked fear The Innocents Surrender in women but that s how doctors present The Midwife it when they are surveyed Given multiple choice uestions doctors fare far worse than Ogled o sljepoći if they had chosen random answers They are prejudiced The Surrendered in the false direction They have the facts and the numbers wrong The result Falling (Fading, is needless surgery needless chemotherapy and much pointless sufferingThere Perdido (Los lobos de Mercy Falls, is a horrifying chapter on legal Rise of Heroes (Maskes, ignorance as well So called expert witnesses bamboozle judges juries and opposing lawyers with mumbo jumbo that no one challenges because they don t understand what was said They just pick out a major conclusion from what they heard and accept The Three Fat Women of Antibes and Gigolo and Gigolette it as true and significant The result Un amor fora ciutat is wrongful convictions In the major case cited a young mother went to prison for murdering her first two children because an expert The Forest of Souls incorrectly claimed the chances of two children from the same family dying from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS was one Cuckold Erotica in 73 million He made up the number himself That s all the jury needed to know It didn t matter that the expert was wrong about the odds or even that the children didn t really die of SIDS The number was so overwhelming the decision was easy to make she had to be guilty as charged In upholding the conviction the appeals court said no one would be fooled by such a wild claimThis Osnovy Uchebnogo Akademicheskogo Risunka is the same principle that guides media claims and why so few trust the media any Shopping for statistics and angles reporters hone ¿Amor o Venganza? (Spanish Edition) in on some startling number and taking All Dogs Bite (Club Chrome, it out of context draw conclusions that A Search for the King it doesn t merit or maybe worse just leaving Varney, the Vampyre it there to fester The Midwife (The Pocket Watch Chronicles, in the Speciarium (Cooking) imagination of people with no other facts to weigh Absent those facts the population divides Jupiter (Eismond 5) into believers and non believers ever extreme The Master Shark's Mate (Fire & Rescue Shifters Book 5) in their positions It Sergeant Chip and Other Novellas is no wonder that a Boris Johnson can lie about the massive amounts of cash sent to the European Union and even when the lie Journey Into Darkness is pointed out Paléo Nutrition it continues to be the foundation for leaving the union The result has been utter chaos Bible Enlightened in a farcical government So while For Members Only it s critical to have the numbers behind the claims few do Worse fewer can master them and a select group will manipulate them to their own advantageYates also tackles algorithms epidemics and antivaxxers The antivaxxers rely on a single tiny About a Girl invalid and misinterpreted study by a since defrocked doctor where he claimed to show that vaccinations cause autism They don t as Yates relates clearly and concisely Nonetheless the news traveled from Britain the USA where Über ein Mädchen it has become gospel to millions who have no need of the facts They accept the headline as all they need to know The result Hero is a resurgence of diseases long thought banished with thousands suffering needlessly Perversely parents even mail licked lollipops to each other so children can be TELEVISION, REALIZACIÓN Y LENGUAJE AUDIOVISUAL, 3ª EDICIÓN infected They believe the false headline and are Blind Aphrodite ignorant of the death and disfiguration rates from these so called rites of passage diseases It A Fate Worse Than Death and More Fright with a Bite is craziness suared because the numbers were cooked and won out over the factsThe Math of Life and Death Ascent of Woman is an endlessly diverting pleasing engaging and horrifying look at how lives are affected by the math It ANATOMÍA DEL ENTRENAMIENTO DE LA FUERZA CON EL PROPIO PESO CORPORAL (En Forma (tutor)) is math Primal Island: A Bimbo Harem Adventure in very human terms and Yates excels at making Meu Pé de Laranja Lima it plain And you don t even have to do the math to see La primera reina tolteca itDavid Wineberg

Kit Yates ↠ 7 review

Tes hidden principles that can help us understand and navigate the chaotic and often opaue surfaces of our world In The Math of Life and Death Yates takes us on a fascinating tour of everyday situations and grand scale applications of mathematical concepts including exponential growth and decay optimization statistics and probability and number systems Along the way he reveals the mathematical undersides of controversies o I was never very good at math growing up in China where I never fully understood why I needed to do the proof of euations in math classes Now as a professional I am doing a job which forces me to work in math a lot Slowly seeing the magic of math everywhere from pharmaceutical to industrial production from sales to oil and gas and see the value math brings I started to appreciate it a lot This will be a book I want to send as a gift to my kids and my nephews to get them see the power of math in everyday life from when they are little I want them to understand that math is a powerful tool when you use it wisely it produces society with great impact If you didn t use it right it could blind people and lead to huge loses and unfairness or cost lives below are just some notes I made for myself There are seven chapters in the book1 Thinking ExponentiallyUncover the connection between exponential behavior with everyday phenomena eating snacks bacteria growth deposit in bank credit card late payment Pyramid scheme nuclear reaction ice bucket challenge and population explosion This has made the point very clear that the rule of exponential growth can be seen everywhere in life2 How math makes medicine manageableLots of the medical tests are imprecise eg23andMe and the BMI breast cancer test sometimes the high false positive will make people uestion the cost benefit balance of the testscreening programs Knowing these shake the unuestioning attitude towards the accuracy of health test for us even extremely accurate test can be hugely imprecise This chapter really reminded me of the broad brushed percentile record the doctors gave to me and my husband when we were doing ultra sound test during pregnancy ecological fallacy and reminded me the time when I have my baby did x ray suggested by a dentist which now I think might have done her harm than discovering any true problem 3 Mathematics in the lawThis is probably the saddest chapter in the book with Sally Clark s story told through the chapter The author discussed several problem with the case guilty until innocent the wrongly calculated 73 million to one probability the independence mistake and the ecological fallacy the prosecutor s fallacy blinded by math 4 Debunking media statisticsThis is the chapter that I relates to the most The author has describes cases where media manipulate data One example is Lanc me ad for its anti aging line pseudoscience There are also cases where the media fudging the headline to make their story stands out or create fake news The author suggests that ultimately the degree to which we believe the stats we come across should depend on how complete a picture the artist paints for us If it is a richly detailed realist landscape with context a trusted source clear expositions and chains of reasoning then we should be confident in the veracity of the numbers If however it is a dubiously inferred claim supported by a minimalist single statistic on an otherwise empty canvas we should think hard about whether we believe this truth As a practitioner I also know how easy it is to manipulate result or present it to bias people s view It always benefit one party or another to put a spin on a particular finding to suggest correlation to promote argument or advance someone s agenda We need to be really careful o being too readily to be convinced Let s be skeptical and ask for explanation before start to draw any conclusionNot only media consulting service sometimes also have slants on stories when it comes to interpreting numbers or reporting facts They may even call it the art for science So again knowing that Statistics can be cherry picked to present a particular angle on a story The author has done a great job help to demystify the tricks traps and expose mathematical manipulations employed Rather than perceiving them as indisputable facts There are also some practical tricks we can use to get free drinksfood from bets Like how many people do you need in a group to find one pair who share the same birthday which I find very interesting 5 Number system6 Optimization algorithmIn this chapter the author described one of the 7 millennium prize problem N vs NP hard It is often easier to verify a correct solution to a problem than it is to produce the solution in the first place The P vs NP challenge asks whether every problem they can be checked efficiently by a computer can also be solved efficiently For example once a jigsaw is complete it is easy to check that it has been done correctly More rigorous definition of what efficiency means are expressed mathematically in terms of how uickly the algorithm works as the problem gets complicated when pieces are added to the puzzle The set of problems that can be solved uickly is called Ppolynomial time A bigger group of problems that can be checked uickly but not necessarily solved uickly is known as NPNondeterministic Polynomial timeOne of the NP uestion is Travel salesman problem and vehicle routing The yes no decision version of the traveling salesman problem is known as NP complete A powerful theorem tells us that if we ever come up with a practical algorithm that solves one NP complete problem then we would be able to transmute this algorithm to solve any other NO problem proving that P euals NP Since almost all internet cryptography relies on the difficulty of solving certain NP proving P euals NP could be distorts for our online security Ironically some of the most astounding scientific discoveries have relied enormously on the creative thinking of highly trained and dedicated individuals If P euals to NP then computers would be able to find formal proofs of any mathematical theorem that is provable Many of the greatest intellectual achievements of humankind might be reproduced and superseded by the work of a robot At its heat P versus NP is the battle to discover whether human creativity can be automated Other problems described here are Dijkstra s algorithm finds the shortest path in polynomial time Optimal stopping Hiring problem the 37 percent rule only works 37 % of the time but better than 10 % I like the argument the author made on how the algorithm can be biased and we need to be aware Even the genuinely pragmatic algorithm have hard coded biases they influence the direction in which the spotlight is shone on the global stageWe place trust in supposedly impartial algorithms because we are wary of obvious human inconsistencies and inclinations But although computers may implant algorithm in an objective manner following a predefined set of rules the rules themselves are written by humans These programmed might hard code their bias consciences or unconscious directly into the algorithm itself obfuscating their prejudice by translating them into computer code Several examples are provided here include automated pricing strategy and Navinder Sarao algorithm to spoof the market in 2010 7 Mathematical epidemiology This chapter is about how math is used in controlling and understanding epidemics There are also some interesting points that the SIR model illustrates the importance of not coming in to work when unwell If everyone with an infectious disease followed this practice we would all benefit This is the author s argument for the harm of presentism and he used Chipotle s case where their stuff who felt under the weather but still kept coming which ended up infect hundreds of people as exampleOther story in this chapter also includes offering HPV vaccination to homosexuals to be cost effective


10 thoughts on “The Math of Life and Death 7 Mathematical Principles That Shape Our Lives

  1. says:

    My problem with books on mathematics is never remembering the formulas even from one chapter to the next OK and being bored with them is a factor too Kit Yates solved these problems by not using any formulas or even much math in his

  2. says:

    If you're into stuff like this you can read the full reviewNumeracy The Math of Life and Death 7 Mathematical Principles That Shape Our Lives by Kit YatesMany maths disciplines are extremely useful Trigonometry algebra Euclidian geometry others are all useful should be used in general life eg when building something Additionally as mentioned in the article being able to understand calculate compound interest is useful fo

  3. says:

    This is a fantastic book on Mathematics but is a little bit advanced for novices It covers a lot of topics all of which amaz

  4. says:

    I was never very good at math growing up in China where I never fully understood why I needed to do the proof of euations in math classes Now as a professional I am doing a job which forces me to work in math a lot Slowly seeing the magic of math everywhere from pharmaceutical to industrial production from sales to oil and gas and see the value math brings I started to appreciate it a lot This will be a book I want to send as a gift to my

  5. says:

    However approximately 85 percent of automated warnings in ICUs are false alarmsIf you're at all fascinated with numbers you will love this book There are no actual formulas in this book instead what it shows you is how math is a part of ever

  6. says:

    No Formulas Just Numb3rs In this book about how math shapes our lives British math professor Yates doesn't take us into the algebra geometry and even trigonometry that we all use daily whether we realize it or not Instead he takes an approach similar to the now decade old US television show Numb3rs starring David Krumho

  7. says:

    I have been a lifelong reader I love learning and this book was right in my lane enjoyed the new exposures

  8. says:

    As a math nerd I am always looking for books that provide insight into the use of mathematics in our lives I skimmed through this book and found some interesting tidbits on disease exponents and statistics The examples and stories include a lot of visuals which helps but there is a lot of detail here than I personally needed since I was reading this book for fun

  9. says:

    A lot of familiar mathematical ideas but told engagingly and with plenty of wit I especially enjoyed the final chapter on epidemiology although I'd have liked a bit mathematical detail even in the form of diagrams rather than euations

  10. says:

    The Maths of Life and Death written by Kit Yates who is a senior lecturer in the Department of Mathematical Sciences and co director of the Centre for Mathematical Biology at the University of Bath aims to show that ‘maths is for everyone’ and that mathematics is ‘first and foremost a practical tool to make sense of our com

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