[They Thought They Were Free The Germans 1933 45 Books ] Free Reading as DOC ✓ Milton Sanford Mayer



10 thoughts on “They Thought They Were Free The Germans 1933 45

  1. says:

    They Wanted It; They Got It; And They Liked ItMilton Mayer was that rarest of writers a journalist who knew his job was to create interesting facts; and a philosopher who knew that facts are meaningless without a theory a coherent nar

  2. says:

    They wanted it; they got it; and they liked itIn 1952 American journalist Milton Mayer moved his family to Marbu

  3. says:

    I've seen the rise of Nazism described as a warning from history on many occasionsWell this book is that warning written in clear and concrete terms soon after the events occurred by people who experienced them directly most of them N

  4. says:

    I came across this book by accident It was on GR Friend's to read list and the title and theme somehow got me interested No regrets here The book published ten years after WW2 is truly surprising for a reader in the 21st century I've read several books with witnesses' accounts but this one is exceptional Through lives of ten 'little men' we learn how ordinary people living in a small town are drawn into the totalitarian system

  5. says:

    Shortly after the war Milton Mayer an American Jew of German heritage and his wife Jane moved into a mid sized German city

  6. says:

    In contemporary times this book has surfaced than once in conversations as a means to obtain insight into the segment of society that is apparently blind to the chronic contempt for the legal ethical and moral principles that is being perpetrated by our current president here in the United StatesWhile reading They Thought They Were Free I

  7. says:

    You should read this book if you think that you are freeThis is an old book originally published in 1955 but it is relevant today than ever before Today the US government openly arrests people without probable cause detains them inde

  8. says:

    Seven years after the collapse of Hitler's regime Milton Sanford Mayer an American Jewish journalist of German heritage traveled to

  9. says:

    They Thought They Were Free the germans 1933 45Milton Mayer – author Published by the University of Chicago PressFirst published in 1955 the book has the advantage of being a collection of recollections about the conditions of life in the small town of Kronnenberg The citizens of Kronneberg were of the most conservative of ordinary peopl

  10. says:

    Blast from the PastThe problem with old books is that unless they were written by geniuses and sometimes even if they were old books are a mixture of genuine insights and misconceptions geared to their times This book is no exception It's a favorite book of a friend who was urging that it be read by our small Jewish book study group

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Free download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free æ Milton Sanford Mayer

Hat interest has never been prominent or potent than what we’ve seen in the past year   They Thought They Were Free is an elouent and provocative examination of the development of fascism in Germany Mayer’s book is a study of ten Germans and their lives from 1933 45 based on interviews he conducted after the war when he lived in Germany Mayer had a position as a research professor at the University of Frankfurt and lived in a nearby small Hessian town which he disguised with the name “Kronenberg” “These ten men were not men of distinction” Mayer noted but they had been members of the Nazi Party; Mayer wanted to discover what had made them Nazis H I came across this book by accident It was on GR Friend s to read list and the title and theme somehow got me interested No regrets here The book published ten years after WW2 is truly surprising for a reader in the 21st century I ve read several books with witnesses accounts but this one is exceptional Through lives of ten little men we learn how ordinary people living in a small town are drawn into the totalitarian system and how they reflect upon nazism some years after the war The reasoning behind their actions is what keeps me reading and thinking about the book while not reading it For me it is a measure of a good book I guess this book is food for thought if you consider all the shifts taking place in the contemporary world The Isles elouent and provocative KING examination of the development of fascism in Germany Mayer’s book is a study of ten Germans and their lives from 1933 45 based on interviews he conducted after the war when he lived in Germany Mayer had a position as a research professor at the University of Frankfurt and lived in a nearby small Hessian town which he disguised with the name “Kronenberg” “These ten men were not men of distinction” Mayer noted but they had been members of the Nazi Party; Mayer wanted to discover what had made them Nazis H I came across this book by accident It was on GR Friend s to read list and the title and theme somehow got me interested No regrets here The book published ten years after WW2 is truly surprising for a reader in the 21st century I ve read several books with witnesses accounts but this one is Ty jesteś moje imię exceptional Through lives of ten little men we learn how ordinary people living in a small town are drawn into the totalitarian system and how they reflect upon nazism some years after the war The reasoning behind their actions is what keeps me reading and thinking about the book while not reading it For me it is a measure of a good book I guess this book is food for thought if you consider all the shifts taking place in the contemporary world

Characters They Thought They Were Free The Germans 1933 45

They Thought They Were Free The Germans 1933 45

Is discussions with them of Nazism the rise of the Reich and mass complicity with evil became the backbone of this book an indictment of the ordinary German that is all the powerful for its refusal to let the rest of us pretend that our moment our society our country are fundamentally immune   A new foreword to this edition by eminent historian of the Reich Richard J Evans puts the book in historical and contemporary context We live in an age of fervid politics and hyperbolic rhetoric They Thought They Were Free cuts through that revealing instead the slow uiet accretions of change complicity and abdication of moral authority that uietly mark the rise of evi They Thought They Were Free the germans 1933 45Milton Mayer author Published by the University of Chicago PressFirst published in 1955 the book has the advantage of being a collection of recollections about the conditions of life in the small town of Kronnenberg The citizens of Kronneberg were of the most conservative of ordinary people In fact they were not even Germans according to real Germans Kronnenberg was in Hesse Its people were sometimes referred to as blinder Hesse Blind Hessian when needing to call some one backward or stupidMilton Meyer interviewed ten members of this community as he said in his forward It was the newspaperman s fascination that prevailed and left me dissatisfied with every analysis of Nazism I wanted to see this monstrous man the Nazi I wanted to talk to him and to listen to him I wanted to try to understand him In 1935 I spent a month in Berlin trying to obtain a series of meetings with Adolf Hitlerbut without success Then I travelled in Nazi Germany for an American magazinefor the first time I realized that Nazism was a mass movement and not a tyranny of a diabolical few over helpless millionsBy the time the war was over I had identified my man the average German He goes on to explain that I never found the average German because there is no average German But I found ten Germans sufficiently different from one another in background character intellect and temperament to represent among them some millions or tens of millions of Germans and sufficiently like unto one another to have been Nazis Mayer begins his book with a short historical over view of Kronneberg The date is November 9 1638 and all is well in Kronnenberg The town watchman is calling out the hour and walking the streets of the town The picture is of a very old and very proud people and town Times have been hard Pestilence and famine recur in Kronnenberg as where don t they and where there are Jews what is one to expect As this scene unfolds the reader becomes aware that the German people have long had a dislike and distrust for the Jew As far back as one can remember problems follow the Gypsy and the Jew Next the history lesson brings us to November 9 1938 The scene is pretty much the same But this night November 9 is the greatest of all Nation Socialist Party celebrations January 30 the day the F hrer came to power and April 20 the Fuehrer s birthday are national celebrations November 9 is the Party s own One of the themes that sounds so familiar to my American ears is that this is a uiet country town Small in size and population Described as old and changeless off the main line and the Autobahn is conservative even for Hesse But its very conservatism is a better guaranty of the Party s stability than the radicalism of the cities where yesterday s howling Communists are today s howling Nazis and nobody knows just how they will howl tomorrow A uiet town is best Kronnenberg had a Catholic Church a Protestant Church and a Jewish Synagogue It was the Synagogue that would signal the change that was settling over the Nation November 9 1938 it was burned to the ground by a group of local members of the Party at the Command of the head of the SA KronnenbergHaving lived in both large metropolitan cities Tulsa my birthplace in 1942 and Oklahoma City where my undergraduate BA degree was earned and in such towns as Enid where I earned my graduate degree MDiv and Ada Okemah and Covington and presently in a place that has the desire to be metropolitan but has yet to achieve that status I can attest to the stability of the small community Oft times comfortable in the seclusion from the hustle and bustle and business of places with people and diverse views It s just a better less confusing existence when one does have to be bothered with the ideas of a big city Kronnenberg was such a small townAttempting to review this book thoroughly would take time and space than I have inclination to invest So I am going to pick and chose my high points with the hope that you the reader will have your interest arousedBefore diving into my review I want to state my only criticism of this work Mayer it seems to me presumes to describe a vastly diverse population using his interviews of ten very specific ordinary germans supported by other research that serves as a frame work for his book Seems to be a bit like coming to rural Oklahoma and selecting ten diverse individuals of conservative mindset and trying to understand why the State is run by Republicans I realize there is or ought to be a discernable difference between rural conservatives in Oklahoma and rural conservatives in Germany but then again maybe notTo the points of interest and since I am driving they are my points of interestGermany was and is a country on the defensive Mayer traces this characteristic back to the date 9 AD and 1555 in the twice plundering of Rome In year 9 the Germans expelled the founders of secular Europe in 1555 they cut themselves loose from the Weltanschauung which the age of the Mediterranean fused in Italy from the Greco Hebraic break with Syria and Egypt Mayer in his research points to the history of German Nationhood going back to 1871 when a sort of forced unity was enacted by Prussia over dozens of sovereign German States It was here that the diverse nature of the population originated Not even the language was unified but a Mischmasch as it was called by Leibniz This diverse character contributed to a separateness that eventually led to a Nationalism that was the door through which the NSDAP was able to enter As Mayer at one point writes Hitlerism was a mass flight to dogma to the barbaric dogma that had not been expelled with the Romans the dogma of the tribe the dogma that gave every man importance only in so far as the tribe was important and he was a member of the tribe Geographically Germany had sense anyone had memory been on the defensive National security reuired a strong defense Theirs soon became an offense for defenseNazism did not show up in the life of the ordinary German as a theory It first engaged the ordinary German as practice It Nazism as it moved from practice to theory has to deny expertness in thinking and then this second process was never completed in order to fill the vacuum had to establish expert thinking of its own that is to find men of inferior or irresponsible caliber whose views conformed dishonestly or worse yet honestly to the Party line It is an unfortunate fact of history that Adolf Hitler was correct when he observed that Germany was encircled and of necessity had to defend herself That defense was to go on the offenseThe practice was to infiltrate every fiber of the ordinary germans life with the power and control of the State That did not always manifest itself in brute force but oft times in much subtle ways Joining the Party often meant having a job Joining the party could mean gaining new status though that sometimes had a negative outcome It wasn t the big man Hitler that spread the Party line through out Germany It was the countless numbers of little Hitler s that were the source of Nazism success It was only for the ordinary german to go about their daily lives and not get in the way I was sort of reminded of the admonitions heard in the US of A when catastrophe strikes natural or man made Go about your Business Don t worry Go shopping Go out to Eat Do what you always do to occupy yourself In Germany in these days it was not for the ordinary german to be concerned about anything the State would take care of themMayer discusses at length the topic of how the Jewish people were part of the German experience off and on through the history of the Nation Anti Semitism was nothing new for the ordinary german As in most developing Fascist or Totalitarian States there must be a scapegoat on which all the blame for all that is wrong can be placed Germany had than just the Jew There were the troublesome Gypsy Bands that were reviled and hated There were the Russians whom many ordinary germans blamed for the Jewish problem they knew Bolshevism as a specter which as it took on body in their imaginings embraced not only Communism but the Social Democrats the trade unions and of course The Jews the Gypsies the neighbor next door whose dog had bit them and his dog the bundled root cause of all their past present and possible tribulations Needing a scapegoat upon which to load all of the problems one had only to look next door or across a convenient border and the Big Men in the Nazi Party did just that Mayer wrote at the end of one of his chapters I asked my friend Simon the democratic bill collector what he liked best about Hitler Ah he said at once his So oder so his Whatever I have to do to have my way I will have my way This in no way adeuately covers a review of this book but it is my hope that some interest has been created Milton Mayer has written a book that tells a story It is a story that is as timely today as it was when he first wrote it Il disait qu'il m'aimait evil became the backbone of this book an indictment of the ordinary German that is all the powerful for its refusal to let the rest of us pretend that our moment our society our country are fundamentally immune   A new foreword to this Drunk on the Moon edition by Der ganze weg eminent historian of the Reich Richard J Evans puts the book in historical and contemporary context We live in an age of fervid politics and hyperbolic rhetoric They Thought They Were Free cuts through that revealing instead the slow uiet accretions of change complicity and abdication of moral authority that uietly mark the rise of Rich Habits Poor Habits evi They Thought They Were Free the germans 1933 45Milton Mayer author Published by the University of Chicago PressFirst published in 1955 the book has the advantage of being a collection of recollections about the conditions of life in the small town of Kronnenberg The citizens of Kronneberg were of the most conservative of ordinary people In fact they were not El Metal even Germans according to real Germans Kronnenberg was in Hesse Its people were sometimes referred to as blinder Hesse Blind Hessian when needing to call some one backward or stupidMilton Meyer interviewed ten members of this community as he said in his forward It was the newspaperman s fascination that prevailed and left me dissatisfied with The Ichneutae of Sophocles, with Notes and a Translation Into English, Preceded by Introductory Chapters Dealing with the Play, with Satyric Drama, an every analysis of Nazism I wanted to see this monstrous man the Nazi I wanted to talk to him and to listen to him I wanted to try to understand him In 1935 I spent a month in Berlin trying to obtain a series of meetings with Adolf Hitlerbut without success Then I travelled in Nazi Germany for an American magazinefor the first time I realized that Nazism was a mass movement and not a tyranny of a diabolical few over helpless millionsBy the time the war was over I had identified my man the average German He goes on to Kana Pict-o-Graphix explain that I never found the average German because there is no average German But I found ten Germans sufficiently different from one another in background character intellect and temperament to represent among them some millions or tens of millions of Germans and sufficiently like unto one another to have been Nazis Mayer begins his book with a short historical over view of Kronneberg The date is November 9 1638 and all is well in Kronnenberg The town watchman is calling out the hour and walking the streets of the town The picture is of a very old and very proud people and town Times have been hard Pestilence and famine recur in Kronnenberg as where don t they and where there are Jews what is one to Sienkiewicz. Żywot pisarza expect As this scene unfolds the reader becomes aware that the German people have long had a dislike and distrust for the Jew As far back as one can remember problems follow the Gypsy and the Jew Next the history lesson brings us to November 9 1938 The scene is pretty much the same But this night November 9 is the greatest of all Nation Socialist Party celebrations January 30 the day the F hrer came to power and April 20 the Fuehrer s birthday are national celebrations November 9 is the Party s own One of the themes that sounds so familiar to my American TFS Ingenuity (The Terran Fleet Command Saga ears is that this is a uiet country town Small in size and population Described as old and changeless off the main line and the Autobahn is conservative Wybor idiomów angielskich even for Hesse But its very conservatism is a better guaranty of the Party s stability than the radicalism of the cities where yesterday s howling Communists are today s howling Nazis and nobody knows just how they will howl tomorrow A uiet town is best Kronnenberg had a Catholic Church a Protestant Church and a Jewish Synagogue It was the Synagogue that would signal the change that was settling over the Nation November 9 1938 it was burned to the ground by a group of local members of the Party at the Command of the head of the SA KronnenbergHaving lived in both large metropolitan cities Tulsa my birthplace in 1942 and Oklahoma City where my undergraduate BA degree was How Could She? earned and in such towns as Enid where I Words on Words earned my graduate degree MDiv and Ada Okemah and Covington and presently in a place that has the desire to be metropolitan but has yet to achieve that status I can attest to the stability of the small community Oft times comfortable in the seclusion from the hustle and bustle and business of places with people and diverse views It s just a better less confusing Finding Magic (Downside Ghosts, existence when one does have to be bothered with the ideas of a big city Kronnenberg was such a small townAttempting to review this book thoroughly would take time and space than I have inclination to invest So I am going to pick and chose my high points with the hope that you the reader will have your interest arousedBefore diving into my review I want to state my only criticism of this work Mayer it seems to me presumes to describe a vastly diverse population using his interviews of ten very specific ordinary germans supported by other research that serves as a frame work for his book Seems to be a bit like coming to rural Oklahoma and selecting ten diverse individuals of conservative mindset and trying to understand why the State is run by Republicans I realize there is or ought to be a discernable difference between rural conservatives in Oklahoma and rural conservatives in Germany but then again maybe notTo the points of interest and since I am driving they are my points of interestGermany was and is a country on the defensive Mayer traces this characteristic back to the date 9 AD and 1555 in the twice plundering of Rome In year 9 the Germans Half My Blood (Dartmoor, expelled the founders of secular Europe in 1555 they cut themselves loose from the Weltanschauung which the age of the Mediterranean fused in Italy from the Greco Hebraic break with Syria and Egypt Mayer in his research points to the history of German Nationhood going back to 1871 when a sort of forced unity was Ja - Ty - My enacted by Prussia over dozens of sovereign German States It was here that the diverse nature of the population originated Not Diamond Grill even the language was unified but a Mischmasch as it was called by Leibniz This diverse character contributed to a separateness that The Poisoned Honey Cake (Roman Mystery Scrolls, eventually led to a Nationalism that was the door through which the NSDAP was able to Katyně enter As Mayer at one point writes Hitlerism was a mass flight to dogma to the barbaric dogma that had not been Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods expelled with the Romans the dogma of the tribe the dogma that gave How Much Wood Would a Woodchuck Chuck? every man importance only in so far as the tribe was important and he was a member of the tribe Geographically Germany had sense anyone had memory been on the defensive National security reuired a strong defense Theirs soon became an offense for defenseNazism did not show up in the life of the ordinary German as a theory It first Craft engaged the ordinary German as practice It Nazism as it moved from practice to theory has to deny Król życia expertness in thinking and then this second process was never completed in order to fill the vacuum had to Dangerous Promise (Promises establish Red Skies Falling (Skybound, expert thinking of its own that is to find men of inferior or irresponsible caliber whose views conformed dishonestly or worse yet honestly to the Party line It is an unfortunate fact of history that Adolf Hitler was correct when he observed that Germany was William (Enemies to Lovers, encircled and of necessity had to defend herself That defense was to go on the offenseThe practice was to infiltrate From Irenaeus to Grotius every fiber of the ordinary germans life with the power and control of the State That did not always manifest itself in brute force but oft times in much subtle ways Joining the Party often meant having a job Joining the party could mean gaining new status though that sometimes had a negative outcome It wasn t the big man Hitler that spread the Party line through out Germany It was the countless numbers of little Hitler s that were the source of Nazism success It was only for the ordinary german to go about their daily lives and not get in the way I was sort of reminded of the admonitions heard in the US of A when catastrophe strikes natural or man made Go about your Business Don t worry Go shopping Go out to Eat Do what you always do to occupy yourself In Germany in these days it was not for the ordinary german to be concerned about anything the State would take care of themMayer discusses at length the topic of how the Jewish people were part of the German A May to December Romance experience off and on through the history of the Nation Anti Semitism was nothing new for the ordinary german As in most developing Fascist or Totalitarian States there must be a scapegoat on which all the blame for all that is wrong can be placed Germany had than just the Jew There were the troublesome Gypsy Bands that were reviled and hated There were the Russians whom many ordinary germans blamed for the Jewish problem they knew Bolshevism as a specter which as it took on body in their imaginings Moravagine embraced not only Communism but the Social Democrats the trade unions and of course The Jews the Gypsies the neighbor next door whose dog had bit them and his dog the bundled root cause of all their past present and possible tribulations Needing a scapegoat upon which to load all of the problems one had only to look next door or across a convenient border and the Big Men in the Nazi Party did just that Mayer wrote at the Herman Hertzberger end of one of his chapters I asked my friend Simon the democratic bill collector what he liked best about Hitler Ah he said at once his So oder so his Whatever I have to do to have my way I will have my way This in no way adeuately covers a review of this book but it is my hope that some interest has been created Milton Mayer has written a book that tells a story It is a story that is as timely today as it was when he first wrote it

Free download ✓ PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free æ Milton Sanford Mayer

“When this book was first published it received some attention from the critics but none at all from the public Nazism was finished in the bunker in Berlin and its death warrant signed on the bench at Nuremberg”   That’s Milton Mayer writing in a foreword to the 1966 edition of They Thought They Were Free He’s right about the critics the book was a finalist for the National Book Award in 1956 General readers may have been slower to take notice but over time they did what we’ve seen over decades is that any time people across the political spectrum start to feel that freedom is threatened the book experiences a ripple of word of mouth interest And t They wanted it they got it and they liked itIn 1952 American journalist Milton Mayer moved his family to Marburg Germany a small town near Frankfurt There he set about to answer the uestion plaguing the world since Hilter s rise in 1933 how did a modern western democracy fall prey to Nazism Mayer was from German decent himself and a Jew and he decided the answer to this uandary might lie in the little man Mayer made friends with ten such men in Marburg men who had average jobs and lived average lives Tailor Police officer Baker Schoolteacher What Mayer discovered and documented in his book was the story of how fanaticism can overtake us allThey did not know before 1933 that Nazism was evil They did not know between 1933 and 1945 that it was evil And they do not know it nowThere is an old saying that no one could find a single Nazi in all of Germany the day after the war Hilter who Oh no I was always against that stuff Shame what happened to those poor Jews You don t think they ll come back here to claim this house I stole from them do you Well Mayer finds a very different post war Germany Even in all the turmoil the poverty and the destruction eight of his ten friends were unapologetic about their support for National Socialism They remembered it as the best time of their lives the time a little guy like them kept a job and even have money for a vacation now and again Most were against the war and very sorry about the whole genocide thing but those Jews and Gypsies really did bring it on themselves with one going as far as to blame all the Nazi bad deeds on Himmler Hitler was just a fine chap who had nothing to do with it He d looked out for the little manThe book starts with the burning of the Marburg synagogue on Kristallnacht One of Mayer s subjects an elderly tailor who the author suspects lies to him at least a little spent three years in prison for the arson Mayer sought to get to the root of why each of his ten friends joined the Nazi party For some it was a true belief but others were so called March Violets latecomers to the party who joined when their victory was inevitable and because everyone else did For the schoolteacher the most thoughtful and remorseful of all Mayer s subjects and I would argue his favorite it was a matter of keeping his job He d been a social democrat in another town and wanted to be above suspicion himself But even he admitted to enjoying the feeling of belonging and took pride in wearing the Nazi uniformMy friends wanted Germany purified They wanted it purified of the politicians of all the politicians And Hitler the pure man the antipolitician was the man untainted by politics which was only a cloak for corruptionI don t know if this seems familiar to anyone else Drain the swamp We need an outsider Both sides are the same The two party system is corrupt and broken Of course before there was President Donald Trump there was Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi and Governor Jesse Ventura What we see in this book is the road map for outsiders to take advantage of western democracies under the right socio economic conditions It happened in 1930s Germany It s happened across the world since It can happen to youInterestingly although Mayer s book makes the case that any one of us can be the next crop of little men taken in by a charismatic leader who provides us an outlet for our frustrations that s not what the author set out to suggest In fact Mayer argues that there s something uniue about the German national character that turned them into Nazis He was also profoundly concerned that the continued American occupation of Germany as of 1954 would turn the country again into Nazis under a new anti communist headingReaders in 2018 will recognize little of what Mayer suggests is the German national character We also know the occupation didn t turn out the way he feared and that Germany is one of the most successful stable and prosperous democracies in the worldMayer s rambling final chapters are weak less interesting than the earlier ones and datedThe above uote is from the new afterword added to the latest re release of the book 2017 which I highly recommend reading I often skip such things I m in perfect agreement and it made rating this book difficult because the first 250 pages are so so good and the last 100 near worthless But I suppose that s the risk you take when you read a book written 60 years ago I do wish in the re release the pseudonyms for the town and the ten subjects had been dropped like with Anne Frank s diary There s only an outside chance one of the ten is still alive and no need to protect identities For my review I have chosen to call the town Mayer wrote about by it s real name Marburg Throughout the book Mayer refers to it as Kronenberg Imagine my frustration when I tried to Google thatThis is the kind of book people talk about and uote but don t read Read it